Bài giảng Tiếng Anh - V step speaking part 3 - Trương Văn Ánh

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  1. VSTEP Speaking Part 3 Trương Văn Ánh Trường Đại học Sài Gòn
  2. In part 3 there are three subparts: 1/ Introduction: Paraphrase the topic. 2/ Body: - Develop idea 1 into sentences with more information and examples. - Develop idea 2 into sentences with more information and examples. - Develop idea 3 into sentences with more information and examples. 3/ Conclusion: Choose your idea
  3. The examiners will ask you some questions relevant to the topic. You should answer and develop the ideas. The questions in part 3 are difficult. You should apply both language and background knowledge to answering the questions.
  4. Topic: The benefits of internet help people in different ways. Communicate with everyone Means of education Internet benefits Your idea Entertainment channel (movie, music, game) 1/ 2/ 3/ 4/
  5. SAMPLE Nowadays, the internet plays an important part of modern life. It brings many benefits to people in many ways. First, the internet could help us to connect with our friends, relatives through social networks. For instance, we can communicate with everyone all over the world by using Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Google+ which help you to make good relationships with other people.
  6. Second, we can know things happening around the world without going out. We go online to read news, listen to music, play games, or enjoy interesting movies, search images, clips, or videos. It is used as a source of entertainment for everyone. Finally, the internet is a means of education. If we can’t go to school, we can take part in many online schools, online lessons or we can use the Google search engine to look for information, documents or books that support our schooling as well as find scholarships from other countries.
  7. In conclusion, the internet makes our life better, helps people close together. We may be lacking of necessities in our life but the life couldn’t be lacking of the internet. I’m sure that it’ll continue being developed widely around the world.
  8. Topic: Reading habit should be encouraged among teenagers. increases knowledge reduces stress Reading [your own ideas] improves memory
  9. • What is the difference between the kinds of books read by your parents’ generation and those read by your generation? • Do you think that governments should support free books for all people? • In what way can parents help children develop their interest in reading?
  10. Topic 1: Important things in people’s lives. Health and exercise A good job and money Important things Your ideas in people’s lives Close friends
  11. Everyone has the important thing in different ages. It is the same as mine. When I was a student, I always dreamed to have a good job and how to get a lot of money. I don’t care much about other things. But now, it is on the contrary, If you ask me what I need to be happy, I will mention these things: health, job, and close friends.
  12. Firstly, good health makes it possible for us to lead a normal life and work, study, play freely. Scientists have found that healthy people concentrate better and remember things better. This means that we actually study and work better if we have good health. In addition, good health and exercise will also helps us to live longer, feel happier about ourselves. We can save time and money on doctors, drugs, and hospital visits.
  13. The next important thing in my life is having good job with high salary. All of us need to earn a certain amount of money in order to provide a reasonable standard of living for ourselves and our family. Moreover, having good job with high income, we can afford not just the basics, but also a few luxuries such as holidays, entertainment, occasional gourmet meals and so on. These luxuries certainly make life more enjoyable.
  14. In addition , jobs gives us a sense of identity. It shapes our definition of who we are as an individual. It is not an indication of everything about us – but it is a starting point. The other important thing in my life is having close friends or good friends. The benefits of having a good friend in our life can be endless.
  15. In some cases, a good friend can be closer than a brother or sister. Good friends are there for us through good and bad times, they comfort us when we're sad, calm us down when we're angry about something, give advice when we need it and make us laugh when we need a good laugh.
  16. Good friends can help us out when you're in need, sick or just need a shoulder to cry on. Good friends are hard to find but they're out there. Always be thankful for the people in our life and realize good friends are our angels. And just like it is good to have good friends, it is also good to be a good friend to others. Never be selfish, always be selfless to others.
  17. In short, there are many factors that lead to happiness. The three things I have mentioned above are the important things in my life.
  18. Topic 2: Ways to attract people to your area Scheduling events Creating a setting WAYS TO For cultural and ATTRACT PEOPLE Your ideas Community activities TO YOUR AREA Providing adequate transportation
  19. Nowadays, more and more people like to travel from place to place in vacations or special occasions. There are many interesting places that attract a lot of people to visit. In the talk today, I would like to give some my own ideas on how to attract people to my place.
  20. First, I think the tourists’ purpose to travel is enrich knowledge and explore new things, so we should create a setting for cultural and community activities which show the particular features of the place such as Don Ca Tai tu meetings, vong co performances, and mixed dances of ethnic minorities in Bac Lieu. Besides, we can perform some historical plays which tell about real people or events in the area. I believe that tourists will be very interesting with these activities.
  21. Second, we should rebuild and widen roads leading to places of interest. Besides that we should provide more adequate means of transportation, which makes visitors travel easily. Do you think that a bad transportation system may challenge tourism? I think it is very reasonable to say that. The bad transportation system makes a bad impression on tourists. It makes people tired and bored after the trip. Then they will never go back the place although it is very fascinating.
  22. Finally, I suggest that we should create a website to show events, landscapes, activities, and other special things in our place. Most people now like surfing information on the internet, so the website is an effective tool to promote tourism in the present time. Besides looking at some information, tourists can ask questions or get guidance to come to the place through the website.
  23. In conclusion, I think all of us always hope that Bac Lieu will be a wonderful destination for people around the country and all over the world. With some of my own ideas, I expect to contribute some things for the tourism in our place in the future.
  24. Topic 3: The worst effects of fast food. Loss of health body And a risk for diseases Lack of family THE WORST EFFECTS Your ideas gathering OF FAST FOOD Waste of money
  25. Fast food is very convenient for most people in the modern life. However, fast food causes some worst effects in our life such as: losing of health body and a risk for diseases, lacking of family gathering and wasting of money. Firstly, fast food may be unreasonable for our health body and leads to a risk for diseases. No one knows exactly the way people produce fast food. We also don’t know whether it is good for our health or not. By our daily habit, we just eat fast food. Maybe in some days we will get some diseases that affect our health very much.
  26. Secondly, it is fast food that makes us lack of family gathering. Normally people gather altogether to have lunch or dinner at home. Because of the convenience of fast food, people can have it whenever, and everywhere they like. They don’t need to go home to have meals. As a result, the members in the family rarely have chance to meet and talk each other.
  27. Last but not least, people must spend lots of money on fast food. When people consume fast food, that means they have to pay for all the cost people use to produce fast food. Thus, we lose amount of money for activities that make fast food instead of cooking on their own. By this way we can save much money and have healthy meals. In short, with al the reason I have mentioned above. Fast food is not good for our life in many aspects. Therefore, be wiser when we decide to choose the way to maintain our energy everyday.
  28. Topic 4: WAYS TO IMPROVE PEOPLE’S LIFE - Build new houses and flats - Increase number of parks. - Stop cars entering city centers - Your own idea.
  29. Nowadays, improving the quality of people’s life, it is necessary to keep improving the standard of people’s material and cultural life. There are some ways that let people lead to a more convenient, healthier and happier life. First of all, building new houses and flats is important to increase people’s life. It means that living space for urban and rural residents will be increased and great efforts will be made to solve housing difficulties for low and medium income people.
  30. What’s more, quality also concerns the technical performance of the homes, whether the perform to the standard that are required. Therefore, good housing design starts inside the home with efficient, well thought through internal arrangement. Secondly, another ways to improve the quality of life is to increase number of parks. As you know, they are lungs of cities offering green space and fresh air. The more the parks, the healthier the people. If there are more parks, people have pleasant and sociable place to live with a lively outdoor and cultural life.
  31. Thirdly, stopping cars entering city center is necessary because of the traffic congestion and pollution. Broadly speaking, Cars have come to dominate our environment and car parks are covered the large area of cities. Moreover, by reducing the number of cars in the streets in cities, people can save amount of valuable time in heavy traffic jams and save a huge amount of petrol. Finally, developing community health care is important to improve people’s life. The medical service charge system should be reformed and the financial compensation mechanism for medical and public health institutions will be standardized.
  32. Therefore, all work is focused on promoting the health of the resident. To sum up, in order to improve people’s life, the government will enrich people’s cultural life by improving medical care, increasing a large number of parks, building new houses and flats with good design as well as stopping cars entering city centers.
  33. Topic 5: Spend time outside. - Promoting public health. - Building a stronger community. - Providing a natural play area for children. - Your own idea.
  34. It is said that people who spend more time outdoors are happier and healthier. And scientists have found people who spend more time outside have a more positive body image and higher self-esteem. I think it is true. Now I will tell you some reasons why these things above are right.
  35. First of all, spending time outdoors especially in a natural environment may help people develop a sense of ownership our physical levels. In fact, scientists believe that green areas encourage exercise and makes people feel prouder of their communities. Besides, studies have previously shown that people who lived near green spaces have higher life satisfaction. They have peaceful life with fresh air, a good relationship with neighbors . they are willing to help each other. When people really enjoy the activities in natural environment, it will give them the feeling of happiness. Therefore, we can say that spending time outdoors can help improve their lifestyle.
  36. Next, spending time outdoors is the way to help people reduce the stress or pressure of their lifestyle. Participating regular exercises outdoors helps maintain a healthy body weight and people really feel comfortable and exciting. It is so important to get outside and take in the sunshine. Not only is natural vitamin D good for our bone and cell growth it also help strengthen our immune functions. As can be seen, it is necessary for people to relax after working hard and enjoying outside activities nowadays is good choice. They often go camping in countryside or urban areas .
  37. With fresh air and less noise, people feel cheerful and happy. Practicing more times, it is good for their health. When they have good health, they will work better. Finally, spending time outside is necessary for children. Studies have shown that children who are exposed to natural or outdoor settings receive benefits to their cognitive health. You know, spending time outside raises levels of vitamin D, helping protect children from future bone problems, heart disease, diabetes and other health issue. Moreover, spending time
  38. outdoor, children have chance to apply their knowledge from school to real life. From what they do, they will recognize the difficulty, the value of real life . This method gives children the opportunity to enlarge their knowledge as well as protect them from additive computer games. I think it is a good lesson for children.
  39. In conclusion, with some reasons mentioned above, I believe that spending time outside is a good way for everyone to make their life become more and more comfortable.
  40. Topic 6: Attending college or university - Career preparation - New experience - Increased knowledge - Your own idea
  41. A university offers the highest level of education as well as valuable degree required for the students to build their careers. People attend colleges or universities for lots of different reasons. Firstly, career preparation is probably the primary and most important reason for people to attend colleges and universities . Students can learn new skills for their careers and increase their opportunities for the future there.
  42. Secondly, Students also go to colleges or universities to have new experiences. For example, it is their first time away from home and they have to live among strangers. They can learn to live on their own and take care of them without having their family always nearby. Besides, they have lots of chances to face the real life situations. Finally, Students have the opportunity to increase their knowledge about technology, art, history about themselves and outer world . Besides, they also have the opportunity to learn many subjects in their classes.
  43. In conclusion, I am sure that getting the education, learning new things, experiencing diverse cultures and customs , getting prepared for the future career, improving job position are the main reasons for people to attend colleges and universities.
  44. Topic 7: How to be in good health. - Go on a diet - Do physical exercise - Go to bed early - Your own ideas
  45. I think that being in good health is more important than earning money to support for life. People have good health, they will have a good chance to study, to work and to earn money. Therefore, there are some ways to be in good health such as going on a diet, going physical exercise and going to bed early.
  46. Firstly, what people eat every day is very important for health so, we should have balanced food. It is a menu with logical nutrition that depends on the condition of each body. We shouldn’t eat much fat or salt. In stead of eating a lot of vegetables and fruits. For instance. My father has high cholesterol and blood pressure and diabetes, so he eats food which doesn’t contain fat and salt.
  47. Secondly, we should do physical exercise about an hour a day by jogging, swimming, or walking after working hard. Thirdly, we must have both healthy body and healthy mind. Nowadays, we are stress and under high pressure of living condition and hard work. Therefore, we usually relax with positive thinking, try to breathe deeply and think better things.
  48. Finally, going to bed early plays an important role in our physical health. It doesn’t affect the heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, stroke and memory for children, teens and adults. Besides, it also supports healthy growth and development. Going to bed late makes us stressful, depressed and unmotivated. In conclusion, going on a diet, going physical exercise, thinking positively and going to bed early are very necessary for good health. The healthier people try to keep, the happier they are.
  49. Topic 8: How to relieve stress - Listen to music - Hang out with friends - Take a yoga class - Your own ideas
  50. Nowadays, when people create and invent many things to make lives become better. They will have to face a lot of pressure. However, there are certain things for people to relieve stress. First of all, to reduce stress, we would listen to music. If we are feeling extremely down or up, music can act to change our mood. It is a good way for us to be relaxed after working or studying hard. Listen to English or love songs, for instance, can help us feel calm and pleasant.
  51. Besides, hanging out with friends is also suitable for us to relieve stress. For someone who is down and troubled, they find that it quite easily to tell everything with their friends. In this case , friends can give experiences as well as sharing. That may help us become more comfortable and confident in life. Last but not least, taking a yoga class is an effective way for reducing stress. Spending more time doing yoga can not only help us keep fit and stay healthy but also balance our mood.
  52. In conclusion, the more achievements we get, the higher the pressure is. We can live better and happier if we know how to adjust everything sensibly. Life is not easy with everyone , we have to manage a healthy life balanced between work and entertainment.
  53. Topic 9: People should be encouraged to use more public transportation. - Help protect the environment - Reduce traffic accidents - Save money - Your own ideas
  54. I completely agree with this following statement that people should be encouraged to use more public transportation. The advantages of public transports are: help protect the environment, reduce traffic accidents and save money. The most important reason is the pollution: if people used buses or trains instead of cars there probably would be no environmental problems; we could live in a cleaner world. Moreover, travelling by car is often more expensive than by public transport because people have to pay the very high tax and the cost of the petrol in Vietnam when they buy a car.
  55. Finally people will have to drive with high traffic density in Vietnam if they move by their cars; if they travelled by means of transport they would relax or read something. But I think that the government should encourage people to use them: it could make people to be awareness of using public transport and provide a free service. To sum up, I hope that more and more people will be awareness of using public transport but it will be realized only if the State is determined to carry out the things that encourage people to use the public transportation.
  56. Topic 10: There are many reason why students should wear uniforms - Help parents save money - Allow students to concentrate more on their study - Enhance students’ pride, respect and team spirit - Your own ideas
  57. School uniform has many advantages and disadvantages, also. It depends on what people think about it. Some people think that school uniform is not really good for students because it prevents students from expressing themselves, it can make them feel uncomfortable, and they don’t want to be seen the same as all the students. In my opinion, wearing school uniforms is good because it can help distinguish students from other people, make them feel equal, and also make them proud of their school.
  58. First of all, school uniforms help students be distinct from other people. We can identify who are students or not at school or even outside school if they are wearing uniforms. Moreover, students who are wearing uniforms can be helped by many people. For instance, they have more discounts or benefits from others because people think that “Oh, they are students, they study lots of good things at school, and they will be the future of the country. So I will give them some discounts and encourage them to be a good student”. Therefore, school uniform is useful for student because it helps distinguish students from others.
  59. Secondly, school uniforms make students feel equal. The worst thing that could happen at school is that if you identify who are the rich students and who are not, you will treat them differently, although you didn’t realize that! Then, poor students who know your unkind behaviors may feel uncomfortable, miserable, and disappointed. They don’t have any encouragement to study hard, and they might be very bad students. But if students are required to wear school uniforms, you won’t recognize who is rich or who is poor. Everybody will give them opportunities equally.
  60. Besides, uniforms help poor students feel more comfortable when they study with other students at school. There is no difference between them, they can develop their friendship and they will focus on their studies.
  61. Finally, school uniforms also make students feel proud of their school. For example, if there is a meeting and they are required to connect with students from many different schools, wearing school uniforms helps students feel more confident, and they participate in activities voluntarily with high efforts to demonstrate their school is good. Furthermore, students are wearing uniforms also feel proud of their school if other people recognize them outside school.
  62. In conclusion, uniforms are not only help students to be distinct from other people, to be more beautiful, but also make them feel equal to other students. Furthermore, they can proud of their current schools if they are recognized by lots of people. Therefore, in my opinion, I think school uniforms should be required.
  63. Topic 11: Humans affect the environment in several ways - Overpopulation means people need more land for housing. - Industries and other economic activities are causing pollution - People are using up all the resources - Your own ideas
  64. Today, environment has been affected by humans in many factors, some of which are positive, which benefit the environment, while other effects on the environment are negative meaning they damage or cause harm to the environment. The negative ways, which we affect the environment are, through building, farming, pollution, and quarrying. However, there are some positive effects on the environment caused by humans such as, the conservation of endangered species, protection of the o-zone layer, and the conservation of the earth’s resources.
  65. Firstly, over population means people need more land for housing, farming, building, urbanizing so they must cut down trees and destroy the forest. Secondly, Industries and other economic activities are causing pollution, for example: Carbon dioxide from vehicles when we use fossil fuel, smoke from industrial zone cause greenhouse.
  66. Morever, farmers often use chemical fertilizer, pesticide, herbicide for increasing products which make to pollute the air, soil, water with toxic chemicals, so people must protect their environment. There are several simple things that people can do on a daily basis to minimize their affects on the environment. For example, taking public transportation, biking or walking instead of driving will reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
  67. Reducing the amount of fertilizer applied to lawns, gardens and vegetables will lessen the likelihood of water pollution nearby, which is also beneficial for drinking water and human’s health. Using less energy in the home can decrease the amount of pollution put into the air by coal burning power plants. Any activity which reduces water and energy consumption can lead to positive impacts on our environment.
  68. In conclusion, if people’s affects on the environment decrease, the environment will be fresh and pure. The earth will be a happy planet where human beings, animals and plants peacefully co-exist.
  69. Topic 12: Parents should stop their children from playing games online. - Children may meet bad people online - Children can’t concentrate on their study - It’s not good for their health - Your own ideas
  70. Nowadays, playing games online is considered as a favorite pastime of kid. However, in my opinions, these games have little value to them and produce a lot of harmful effects on their physical and mental development.
  71. First, games online are highly addictive, compelling children to sit in front the computer for many hours. As a result they have little time for sport activities and many of them start developing health-related problems. For example, some of them are obesity because of inactivity. Moreover, the radiation produced by an operating computer not only causes failing eyesight but also poses untold hidden health hazard in those young children.
  72. Second, the children, who play games online always spend much for their games and neglect their study. Besides, being accustomed to the fast changing images that are inherent in games online, they hardly concentrate on any subjects and their attention span is found to be increasingly short.
  73. Finally, children may make friends with many people when they play games. However, it is an unreal world, they can’t know their friends neither are good nor bad. They can meet cyber bully. In fact, there are many cases from online friends. In conclusion, playing games online makes bad effects to children, so parents should supervise their children and stop them from playing games online.
  74. Topic 13: There are many things we can do to protect the environment. - Use public transport - Help with clean-up projects in the neiborhood - Help save energy - Your own ideas
  75. In recent decades, many environmental problems have increased as the result of human activities. Therefore ,we need to protect the environmental now to help prevent health problems and maintain the ecosystem.
  76. It is true that pollution from factories and cars can cause damage to the environment. It makes the air dirty. Breathing this dirty air causes health problems particularly for children and the elderly. So in my opinion, instead of using car, people should be encouraged to use public transport, walk or cycle. Fewer car help to reduce the air pollution.
  77. In addition, wherever we go today we can find rubbish carelessly disposed so we have the duty to take care of cleaning up projects in the neighborhood. Moreover a lot of environment problems would disappear if we stop using petroleum, coal and natural gas as raw materials power generation. The focus should entirely shift on renewable sources of energy. The use of renewable source of energy would help us save the environment from global warming.
  78. In conclusion, most of people are increasingly aware of the need to protect our environment .It requires us to make every efforts and actions to reduce our impact on the planet.
  79. Topic 14: Regular exercise benefits your body and brain - Make you feel happier - Reduce your risk of diseases - Increase your energy levels - Your own ideas
  80. Everyone knows that regular exercise is good for the body. Exercise is also one of the most effective ways to improve your mental health. Regular exercise can have a profoundly positive impact on depression, anxiety, and more. It also relieves stress, improves memory, helps you sleep better, and boosts overall mood. And you don’t have to be a fitness fanatic to reap the benefits. Research indicates that modest amounts of exercise can make a difference. No matter your age or fitness level, you can learn to use exercise as a powerful tool to feel better.
  81. Exercise is not just about aerobic capacity and muscle size. Surely, exercise can improve your physical health and your physique, trim your waistline, improve your sex life, and even add years to your life. But that’s not what motivates most people to stay active.
  82. In conclusion, regular exercise gives people an enormous sense of well-being. They feel more energetic throughout the day, sleep better at night, have sharper memories, and feel more relaxed and positive about themselves and their lives. And it’s also powerful medicine for many common mental health challenges.
  83. Topic 15: KEEPING PETS - Pets can be our good friends - Children can learn many things from keeping pets - Some pets can be helpful - Your own ideas
  84. Nowadays, people often like to keep pets because pets can be our good friends, children can learn many things from keeping pets, and some pets can be helpful.
  85. Firstly, pets are always beside us, they help us to feel more merry, warmer when we feel bored or lonely. Although pets are animals, they cannot talk or confide with us, they can understand what we feel when we are sad. We will know that if we watch to their eyes, we are shared by them . For example, I had a rabbit in the past. He is really a real friend. When I feel sad, tired or lonely, I often hug him and fondle with his hair and all my bad feelings are vanished.
  86. Secondly, pets are lovely, friendly and they help people many things. For example, dogs can look after the house, cats can catch mouse, birds can sing for we relax . Even dogs can help people avoid out of dangerously in a few circumstance. Your life will be safe and many colours if you have a pet!
  87. Next, the relationship lets children learn something about canine and feline behavior, helps them feel comfortable around other pets and teaches them to interact safely with animals. Keeping pets gives children sense of self. For example, an affectionate cat that’s not fearful will usually send children a similar message. for kids, a pet can play a role in helping them form a healthy sense of self and build self-esteem.
  88. Besides, it's important for parents to teach children to notice and pay attention to how their behavior affects their pets. Under parental guidance, children can fine-tune behaviors and see when the pet’s responses improve as a result of more gentle and aware treatment. Moreover, caring for a pet is a great way for children to learn responsibility. The role of caregiver can then naturally develop (along with some gentle reminders from Mom and Dad).
  89. Finally, when you decide have pets, they will be a part of your life, you will share to them everything you got. So, it is very unreasonable if anyone talks that they are not your friend. I hope all pets will be loved by their owners. It’s really wonderful. And I also believe that if anyone has pets, they will take care for them with all love, like me.
  90. Topic 16: Good leaders all possess the following qualities. - They can motivate people - They are respected for their skills and knowledge - They love their jobs - Your own ideas
  91. It's essential and very important that good leaders should have good and wide knowledge because these factors help them to motivate people, to be respected for their skills and knowledge, and even to love their jobs.
  92. Firstly, motivating people requires leaders to focus on team interests and needs because that stimulates people harder. Good leader should have clear communication and clear goals which encourage or coach their employees. Secondly, due to leaders' talent, they are respected for their skill and knowledge, so they can inspire their employees to do the work well, or they can stimulate their employees creative in working.
  93. Finally, because of their love of their jobs, they have integrity which is recognized by their employees. They always sacrifice to the work. On my own ideas, I think that a good leader who can motivate people, be respected for skills and knowledge or even love their jobs. Moreover, a good leader should have creativity, integrity, while working on team.
  94. Topic 17: There are many things we can do to reduce environmental problems. - Plant trees - Save energy - Reuse and recycle materials - Your own ideas
  95. Nowadays, there are many things you can do to reduce your impact on the environment. These are planting trees, saving energy, reusing and recycling materials.
  96. Planting trees is important to reduce global warming. If we want to save our planet, we must plant trees. Besides, trees not only remove harmful chemicals from the soil, but also help reduce the greenhouses leading to global warming. Moreover, planting trees in the right place around buildings and homes can cut air- conditioning costs up to 50 percent. If we plant 20 million trees, the earth will get with 260 million more tons of oxygen.
  97. On the other hand, planting trees is important as they are the natural habitats of the animals and birds, as well as many endangered species. A newly planted whole forest can change tones of atmospheric carbon into wood and other fibrous tissue, thus reducing global warming.
  98. Saving energy, by turning off the television and make sure you flick the light switch when you leave the room. Not only will you save money on your electricity bill, you will be reducing emissions from coal-fired electricity plants. Moreover, saving energy is a great way to teach your children about environmental issues. It is an activity that has easily measurable results and one where your kids can participate actively.
  99. Saving energy is conducted by turning off the television and the light switch when you leave the room. Not only will you save money on your electricity bill, but you will be reducing emissions from coal-fired electricity plants. Moreover, saving energy is a great way to teach your children about environmental issues. It is an activity that has easily measurable results and your kids can participate in actively.
  100. Recycling means that material which would otherwise be classed as waste and simply left to sit in the ground can now be reused. Through reusing materials we can decrease the demand for new materials. Through this process, we can reduce the levels of pollution which are emitted as we create new materials. In addition to this, waste stored in landfill sites can contribute towards damaging the environment, so avoiding unnecessarily stuffing waste into landfill is highly desirable.
  101. In conclusion, besides 3 ways above, my idea is making sustainable transportation choices: Walk or ride your bike whenever possible. One of the best things you can do to help stop pollution is to stop using your car for short trips. If the weather is nice and you don’t have to go too far, consider walking or riding your bike. You will help reduce air pollution and you will get some exercise and fresh air in the process.
  102. Topic 18: Writing skill - It is necessary for both school and work - It improves communication with others - Writing for fun can help people relieve stress - Your own ideas
  103. Writing is an important skill: it is necessary for both school and work; it improves communication with others and writing for fun can help people relieve stress
  104. At present, writing skill plays an important part of modern life. It brings many benefits to people in many ways. First, with writing skill, I think that it is very useful for us to improve communication with everyone. For example, when you write an email for your friend, write an essay to your teacher or message to your manager, your writing skill can boost or hinder your career easily. Good writing skills allow us to communicate our message with clarity and ease to everyone than telephone conversations.
  105. Second, writing skill is necessary for not only school but also work. For instance, at work or in study, we have to write essays, reports, a research proposal or even a desertation or thesis that are very difficult to write but if we are good at writing skill we can write them easier.
  106. Finally, some funny writing can make us relaxed. When we chat with our friends or message to others we can use some funny writings to make them and yourself feel happy and relaxed. In conclusion, any profession and learner require written communication, so writing skill becomes important and it is also the aim that I always try to obtain.
  107. Topic 19: There are several ways for companies to keep their best employees. - Offering competitive salaries - Improving their working environment - Allowing employees to contribute their ideas - Your own ideas
  108. Nowadays there are several ways for companies to keep their best employees: offering competitive salaries, improving their working environment and allowing employees to contribute their ideas. First of all, we need to offer competitive salaries. If employees work well and bring many benefits to our company, we should give them competitive salaries. So they will work harder and won’t leave our company.
  109. Secondly, we have to improve their working environment such as improving enterprise management and modern equipments. Besides, we should create favorable conditions for them to improve professional qualifications. For example, studying abroad or taking part in discussions on some problems which they are making.
  110. Thirdly, we need to allow employees to contribute their ideas. We should hear the ideas and advice they give us. This will help us bring the best result of work. The employees are people who work directly and get many experiences in working. So they will give us good ideas when our work is not good.
  111. Besides, I think we also need to encourage creative innovation. We should give the best employees the time and resources to test fresh new ideas. This will help them engage and bring benefits.
  112. In conclusion, if we make these suggested changes, we will have a good chance of increasing engagement and retention of our best people. Keeping them happy will help our company make progress.
  113. Topic 20: Being famous is not always a good thing. - Rumors - No private life - Pressure - Your own ideas
  114. As you know, everyone wants to be famous but I’m going to tell you why being famous isn’t good thing. Every young girl’s dream is to be like the singer on stage, the dancer in the video, or the model on the front page of the magazine. The first reason why being famous isn’t good thing is the pressure.
  115. Being famous puts a tremendous amount of pressure on you to be simply perfect. You can’t mess up, you have to be fit, and you can’t make mistakes. Many famous people have struggled themselves with extreme pressure to be perfect. This is why many Disney characters or other children starts end up the way they do. This is because they have all this pressure at a young age to be a role model that they almost lose their rights to be who they want to be.
  116. Another terrible aspect being famous comes with is losing almost all privacy. There are people watching you, talking about you and writing about you every day. Almost everything you do will end up in the magazine or on TV. You cannot have private time with your family or friends without having endless pictures taken. This can take a toll on someone at some point.
  117. One thing many famous people struggle with is the endless rumors being spread. The media tends to make many things up that are untrue in order to make money. Although publicity is good for famous people, no one likes to have untrue things being said about people. Many famous people like Kanye West, for example, go ballistic over the media misrepresenting a story or news. This can create a lot of anxiety and really take a toll on you.
  118. In my opinion, being famous might be awesome but it is difficult to live with and it doesn’t compensate all those disadvantages. Being an ordinary person has a peaceful life and is not under pressure.
  119. Topic 21: Employers usually look for candidates with the following strengths. - Interpersonal ability - working well with people - Computer skill - Adaptability - working well in different conditions - Your own ideas
  120. Nowadays, I think employers or companies are always looking for people who have good computer skills, interpersonal ability to work well with people and adaptability so as to work well in different conditions. If you have these skills, you certainly have a good job in the future.
  121. Firstly, Companies today expect employers to apply for a job online. The candidates should must have computer skills. Because nowadays all the companies deal with everything by online. The calculators on the computers are not only quality but also exactly. Although employers expects to provide training on job specific, software. They also expect employees to be proficient with basic computer skills.
  122. Secondly, in my opinion, the candidates should have interpersonal ability. They must communicate clearly and effectively in many mediums by email, verbally, phone message, on the phone, and with body languages. Communication also includes listening skills and the ability to follow directions and provide feedback. Employers and managers like working with people who can get along with their colleagues and they can work with others effectively in different circumstances.
  123. Thirdly, the candidates need to have adaptability. They can work well in different conditions. They are motivated to take challenges with minimal directions. Sometimes they have to work in mountainous areas or small villages where the working conditions are not good. The candidates must adapt to bad circumstances which may happen.
  124. To sum up, In today’s work environment the employers want their employees to have computer skills, international ability when they work with their colleagues and they should have adaptability when working in different conditions. From my point of view ‘the employers want their employers to be at work on time, they work as much as possible and do what they were hired to do. Especially, they must have a good responsibility in their jobs.
  125. Topic 22: There are several things we can do to improve our English proficiency. How to improve our English: - Go to English clubs - Take an English course - Read books in English - Your own ideas
  126. Nowadays, English is widely spoken all around the world. It's the national language in many countries and there are many reasons why people from all over the world might need to improve their English: for teaching, for business, for pleasure, or because they have gone to live in an English speaking country. Therefore, I believe that there are may tips that can help us to be better.
  127. Firstly, we should read English book or newspaper. Reading is a great way of practicing our English in our time. We can take one word at a time at own pace without our teacher penning over our shoulder. If we are studying at a beginner to intermediate level, pick up a children's book where the language will be easier than an adult book. Besides, newspapers are also worth reading.
  128. Not only can we improve our English but we'll learn about local and national goings on, which can be handy when communicating with native speakers. In addition, we should read the whole thing with no help. Although using a dictionary has been shown to help with both short term and long term learning of vocabulary, the fact that using it slows reading down can stop some people reading in English at all. Reading a whole book quickly through just for pleasure from time to time will help us remember how fun reading in another language can be.
  129. Secondly, we should go to English clubs. As well as having a menu in English and being a good way of finding out something about the culture of English speaking countries, we might also find there are free English language listings magazines, English language sports on the TV and foreigners we can speak to.
  130. Next, we had better write everyday. Writing is a great way of using new vocabulary and getting our head around grammar. We should try and write something everyday using new words and grammar that we've learned. Even if it's only a few sentences, it's very important to get into the habit of doing this. It's also a good way of comparing our progress as we improve our knowledge of the English language. If we have access to English speaking friends or a teacher, we could ask them to look over our writing and give us some pointers.
  131. Finally, we should set goals. We decide how many hours you want to study, how many words you want to learn or what score you want to get in a test are all good ways of making sure we do extra study. In conclusion, it is very important for us to improve our English for teaching, for business, for pleasure and so on. Therefore, I believe that we will succeed if we try hard and put effort to it with all our attention.
  132. Topic 23: Globalization has changed the world in many ways. - Has created a bigger market for businesses - Has improved sharing of information and knowledge across the globe - Has made learning about others’ cultures easier - Your own ideas
  133. Globalization is playing an increasingly important role in the developing countries. It can be seen that, globalization has certain advantages such as economic processes, technological developments, political influences, health systems, social and natural environment factors. It has a lot of benefit on our daily life. Globalization has created a new opportunities for developing countries.
  134. Firstly, globalization has a beneficial influence on our live. Globalization develops local economies, so it helps nations to decline an unemployment rate and raise economic growth. Furthermore, globalized economy advance technology. For example, when a multinational company establishes a factory in a developing country, the new equipment , the new management skills and job vacancies are all in the best interest of the local society. Moreover, globalization has transformed in global village. As a result, people all over the world can communicate together easier than the past by internet and satellite TV.
  135. On the other hand, nobody can deny the devasting consequences of globalization. One of the crucial factors is a cultural shock. Worldwide networks and televisions have affected young people. These facilities have escalated cultural differences and generation gaps. For instances, when the young watch popular superstars like singers, actors or actresses on satellite channels. They imitate their behaviors, clothes, etc. that leads to misbehaviors among teenagers. In addition, another vital impact of globalizing is the danger of epidemic diseases which can easily spread because of faster transportation and increase in the number of tourists.
  136. In conclusion, as we can see, the process of globalization has involved all the countries around the world. The economies of many countries have improved under the influence of globalization. Although globalization has many disadvantages, we believe that globalization has brought the developing countries many more benefits than the detriments.